If the injury is severe or the pain does not improve over time, it is best to see a doctor for diagnosis and treatment. Peripheral Vascular Disease is commonly associated with smoking, Excellent work.” Amy, UK, "Your site and exercises have been a lifesaver! This stands for: Other causes of calf pain may be treated with medications or other medical procedures, depending on the underlying cause. This type occurs when a person experiences pain while exercising. This fluid places extra pressure on the nerves and blood vessels in the lower leg, causing pain, swelling, numbness, and tingling. Calf muscle pain will come on at different times and during different activities depending on what is wrong. Gastrocnemius definition is - the largest and most superficial muscle of the calf of the leg arising by two heads from the condyles of the femur and attaching to a tendon that becomes part of the Achilles tendon. pull the foot downwards and Muscle cramps in the calf are often reported as intensely painful, and may be associated with stiffness and a visible knot. The nerve compression may be coming from the lower Why do my knees hurt when I climb stairs? towards you). It should not substitute or delay medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. A calf strain occurs when fibers of the muscles of the lower leg (gastrocnemius, soleus, plantaris) are overstretched. Calf muscle pain when walking without an injury is usually the result of reduced blood flow, and therefore lack of oxygen, to the calf muscles and usually settles down quickly with rest. Warming up by walking at a moderate pace before engaging in more intense exercise can help to prevent muscle strain injuries. Plantar fasciitis is a condition that affects the plantar fascia tissue located on the bottom of the foot. The calf is located in the lower portion of the leg and consists of muscles and tendons that connect between the knee and ankle. You might just feel that you are suffering from some fatally irreversible health condition. Harvard Health Publishing: When walking makes your legs hurt - Four conditions for leg pain causes that can affect you when walking. Sciatica is one example of neurogenic claudication. Debra Rose Wilson, Ph.D., MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT. A calf muscle spasm or cramp —also referred to as a "charley horse"—refers to an involuntary contraction of one or more calf muscles. Treatment for calf pain will depend on the underlying cause. If a person’s calf muscles are especially tight, this may put extra pressure on the Achilles tendon. Specific calf tear treatment such as cross friction massage and ultrasound helps to prevent and treat this. 9 Types of Muscle Tension Caused By Trapped Emotions. A person with arterial claudication will experience no discomfort at rest, but pain after a few minutes of walking. This condition can cause severe pain and affect blood flow to the legs. Last updated 1st January 2021, Contact Us   About Us   Blog   Privacy Policy   Advertising Policy   Sitemap, This comments section is moderated occasionally and posteriorly by our, Comments posted here should be designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her existing physician. Compartment syndrome is a painful condition that can occur in the calf muscle or in both legs, usually after a person has experienced a trauma or severe injury. Injury to this small muscle often occurs with jumping or running activities … The two muscles join together around mid-calf level to form the Achilles tendon which twists and attaches the calf muscles to the back of the heel. Your muscles are made up of fibers that your nerves control. Usually lasting a few seconds to a few minutes, the intense pain passes quickly once the muscle cramp releases. The calf is the area on the back of the leg between the knee and the ankle. Calf problems - Muscle, bone and joint injuries | NHS inform Calf tightness can also lead to weakness of the opposing muscle group, the tibialis group of muscles. To effectively stretch both these muscles exercises should be done with the knee bent as well as straight. A stretched calf muscle is a common injury, especially when a person performs new or intensive exercise. It occurs…, Arthritis is a term that describes around 200 conditions that cause pain in the joints and the tissues surrounding the joints. May last anything from a few seconds to a few days, Collection of excess fluid in the popliteal bursa behind the knee which can burst releasing fluid into the upper calf, Causes: Knee swelling from injury or underlying condition e.g. This comments section is moderated occasionally and posteriorly by our editorial team. Pay particular I will be putting the stretches and exercises into practise. A doctor will carry out a physical examination to determine whether a pulled or strained muscle is the problem. plane journeys, and there can be a genetic link. The explanations are so clear. It is made up of two muscles collectively known as the triceps surae. Calf muscle cramps are usually temporary but can cause significant pain and discomfort. Big Calves Mean Lower Stroke Risk. Running, jumping, and other athletic movements are all made possible by the calf and its "fast twitch" muscle fibers. A person may experience calf pain due to narrowing or blockages in the arteries that supply blood flow to the legs. Internet users posting comments here should not be considered as health professionals. calf noun [C] (LEG) C2 the thick curved part at the back of the human leg between the knee and the foot: She's been unable to play since January because of a torn calf muscle. People are more likely to develop DVT if they have been sitting for long periods, such as on a flight, or if they have high blood pressure or blood clotting disorders. Calf definition, the young of the domestic cow or other bovine animal. The common September 2005, 3. A strained calf muscle is a partial tear of the small fibers of the muscles. signs of a DVT are pain, redness, warmth and swelling in the calf region. What are the causes and types of arthritis? ‘It cuts the leg below the calf, and all muscle bellies except those of gastrocnemius are present.’. across. Gavril, Denmark, "I LOVE your website. See our full terms of use in the commenting policy section. Also, sudden calf of lower leg pain that is worse at night or makes it of calf muscle pain. particularly important in controlling and executing the push-off phase of People are more likely to experience Achilles tendinitis if they have recently started an exercise program or they perform repetitive exercises. © 2004-2021 Healthline Media UK Ltd, Brighton, UK, a Red Ventures Company. A lack of strength or endurance in the leg muscles is a common cause of calf pain in runners. Fortunately, many of the causes of calf pain are easily treatable. walking, but will often return when you rest. Written By: Chloe Wilson, BSc(Hons) PhysiotherapyReviewed by: KPE Medical Review Board. Calf tears typically occur during sports and may be accompanied by bruising and swelling. Weak muscles If complete rupture, unable to push up onto tiptoes, Involuntary spasms in the calf muscles which can be extremely painful, aka "Charley Horse", Causes: imbalance of vitamins/minerals, muscle fatigue, diet, dehydration and muscle imbalance, Symptoms: Upper calf pain, tightness and spasming, difficulty walking. attack or pulmonary embolus. This site complies with the HONcode Standard for trustworthy health information. attention to the signs for a DVT: redness, swelling, warmth and pain around the Most common cause of lower calf muscle pain, Causes: repetitive stress through the tendon, jumping , running, overstretching, Symptoms: lower leg pain, thickening in the achilles tendon, pain on tiptoes, ankle stiffness. Any symptoms of nerve compression should be Rheumatoid arthritis is a chronic disorder affecting the joints. It is a superficial muscle, meaning it forms the top layer just below the skin. The bigger the calves, the smaller the stroke risk, one study of … This is known as arterial claudication. Calf muscle stretching exercises. In contrast to a muscle cramp, pain associated with a clot in a calf vein comes on gradually -- although so… These muscles are taxed on a daily basis by walking from place to place or participating in strenuous exercise. The triceps surae muscles work together to plantarflex the If you can do this 30 times on each leg, it indicates good calf strength and endurance. See more. Thank you!" Triceps surae simply means “three-headed calf (muscle)”. It can also affect the heart, lungs…, Sudden, unexplained knee pain can be unsettling. A person should seek emergency medical treatment if they suspect they have DVT. A calf muscle strain occurs when the muscle fibers in the calf tear either partially or completely. calf. They develop when damaged valves in a person’s veins allow blood to backflow. Exercises are the best way to combat this and it important to get the right balance of strengthening and stretching exercises - visit the calf strengthening and calf stretching exercises sections for a whole range of exercises that will help combat this cause of calf muscle pain and reduce the risk of calf muscle injury. The pain often gets worse if your dorsiflex your foot (pull your toes up In rare instances, the twitching may indicate a more serious condition such as Lyme Disease, Multiple Sclerosis or Motor Neurone Disease. Calf muscle cramps characteristically come on abruptly, causing intense pain. Sciatica. Let's start by looking at the most common causes of calf muscle pain, how they present and what causes them. The most common symptoms of plantar fasciitis are foot pain when waking and difficulty flexing the foot. Page Last Updated: 17/11/20Next Review Due: 17/11/22, 1. Symptoms of DVT include calf pain that usually gets worse when standing or walking. Pain will be significant and will cause weakness in the lower leg muscle and make walking difficult. will tire quickly if you are on your feet for prolonged periods of time, so it is important to work on both strength and endurance. Stretching exercises focusing on both gastrocnemius and soleus, when done daily are usually the best way to overcome calf muscle tightening. Plantaris Muscle Rupture. DVT’s often develop after surgery or periods of inactivity e.g. Here’s our process. If you've ever been awakened in the night or stopped in your tracks by a sudden charley horse, you know that muscle cramps can cause severe pain. The calf muscle, like every muscle, has an innervation. We include products we think are useful for our readers. A condition called chondromalacia may cause this pain only when a person climbs the stairs. See more. Thanks for your help and excellent work." scasouthjersey.com Una distensi ón del músculo de la pantorrilla es un desg ar ro parcial de las fibras pequeñas d e los músculos . The calf muscles consist of the larger gastrocnemius muscle and the soleus muscle which is located deeper and lower down the leg. A muscle cramp is a sudden and involuntary contraction of one or more of your muscles. It is made up of two muscles collectively known as the triceps surae. The twitching usually stops when you use the lower leg muscles e.g. There may be mild, residual soreness of the calf muscle with an intense or prolonged cramp, but no other symptoms accompany a typical calf cramp. All rights reserved. Lower leg pain that persists even after resting may indicate a more serious problem such as severe peripheral vascular disease. Margaret, S. Africa, "Brilliant website - highly recommended! change colour – this warrants immediate medical attention. Stretching after exercising may also help to prevent muscle tightness and discomfort. The soleus muscle runs deep to (underneath) gastrocnemius and arises from the top of the tibia, just below the knee joint. Also known as peripheral artery disease, this is when Calf pain running is typically caused by the muscles being overloaded which can lead to a calf tear. Calf muscle twitching can also be the first sign of cramp, or that you have overworked the muscles. They tend to settle fairly quickly if you stretch the calf muscles. The nerve branch for the calf muscle … Depending on the severity of the calf tear, the injury could take up to 6 weeks to heal. The muscles within the calf correspond to the posterior compartment of the leg. blood clot in a deep vein, usually in the calf or thigh. Varicose veins are enlarged veins that often bulge from the legs and may look like cords. August 2018. ‘The devotees were also treated for their excruciating pain in their shoulders, neck, back, thighs, knees, calves, ankle and foot.’. checked out by your doctor. It is very common to be more aware of pain at night as there are less distractions around. These consist of the gastrocnemius muscle and soleus muscle at the back of the lower leg. Factors that contribute to varicose veins include: Varicose most commonly appear in the legs and can cause pain, throbbing, cramping, and aching. We look at why. Episodes of calf muscle pain should always be assessed by lower leg pain. Calf Muscle Twitching: The Low Back and Calf Muscle Connection The nerves that branch off of your spine in your low back connect to the muscles in the legs. The triceps surae is a pair of muscles located at the calf – the two- headed gastrocnemius and the soleus.These muscles both insert into the calcaneus, the bone of the heel of the human foot, and form the major part of the muscle of the posterior leg, commonly known as the calf muscle Neurogenic claudication is often due to a condition called spinal stenosis.This condition occurs when the bones in the spinal column narrow, placing extra pressure on the nerves. If this happens in the lower leg, it can cause calf muscle pain. A twitching sensation in the calf muscles often indicates benign fasciculation syndrome, a condition due to a harmless disorder of the nerves that activate the calf muscles. Cortisone shots are used to treat inflammation, particularly in conditions such as arthritis. Why do I feel pain after a cortisone shot? This is where a small area of muscle fibres and the underlying fascia tighten forming small lumps in the muscle, like a knot. The most common form of…. People can treat calf pain that is the result of injury or overuse using the PRICE method. The two largest muscles within this compartment are known together as the calf muscle and attach to the heel via the Achilles tendon. Comments posted here should be designed to support, not replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her existing physician. A pulled calf muscle is quite painful, and there may be bruising and swelling. What Is a Calf Strain? Frequently high blood sugar levels can damage the body’s nerves, usually beginning with the hands and feet. A DVT is the formation of a diabetes, high cholesterol levels and high blood pressure. A person should always check with their doctor before beginning a stretching routine to ensure the stretches will not aggravate an injury. Some essential oils may help to reduce the major symptoms, such as pain, inflammation, Rheumatoid arthritis is a lifelong condition that causes pain, swelling, and inflammation in two or more joints. Neurogenic claudication occurs when the nerves that go to the legs are pinched, affecting their ability to communicate with the lower legs. Nutrition and mental health: Is there a link? A pulled calf muscle refers to strains within the two muscles in the lower back of your leg that make up your calf. If you buy through links on this page, we may earn a small commission. to the foot, and there is the risk that the blood clot could break off and A common site for leg cramps is the calf muscles. The calf is the area on the back of the leg between the knee and the ankle. Calf muscle pain at night can also indicate restless leg syndrome, where you have an overwhelming urge to keep moving your legs. Grade 2 calf muscle injury. This creates a muscle imbalance. Calf pain walking after an injury is common, particularly with a pulled calf muscle. foot i.e. The best calf pain treatment will depend on the underlying cause of the pain. Pain in the calf region may be due to an injury such as a calf muscle strain, an underlying medical condition or a problem in the nerves or arteries in the lower leg. How to use calf in a sentence. An ultrasound would be able to identify the following: A musculoskeletal ultrasound can also provide guidance regarding injection therapy. Calf pain can be a mild nuisance or be severe enough to prevent a person from walking. A person’s leg may also swell and have a red or inflamed area due to the problems with blood flow. See our full terms of use in the. Arterial claudication may cause pain while walking, as this movement requires blood to flow to the lower legs. Compression of the nerves of the lower leg can cause pain, pins and needles and numbness in the calf region. If the calf muscles are too tight, a person may be more likely to experience plantar fascia because the calf muscles cannot support the foot. your doctor to ensure it is nothing serious such as a DVT which requires The calf muscle, on the back of the lower leg, is actually made up of two muscles: The gastrocnemius is the larger calf muscle, forming the bulge visible beneath the skin. It’s characterized by the inability of the muscles to relax normally. Though generally harmless, muscle cramps can make it temporarily impossible to use the affected muscle.Long periods of exercise or physical labor, particularly in hot weather, can lead to muscle cramps. Calf definition is - the young of the domestic cow; also : that of a closely related mammal (such as a bison). It comprises of a pair of muscles, gastrocnemius and soleus. as modifier ‘the calf muscles’. Any medical information published on this website is not intended as a substitute for informed medical advice and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional, Aphantasia: The inability to visualize images, The Recovery Room: News beyond the pandemic — January 8, COVID-19: Research points to long-term neurological effects. This single study reveals a grim reality: so many of us are suffering from muscle tension on a daily basis. A variety of conditions and situations can cause calf pain, including: Muscle cramps in the calf are a common complaint for those who exercise frequently. And as nurse (25yrs exp) its written expertly and is very explanatory and easy to understand. Forcefully stretching the contracted muscle relieves the pain. Deep vein thrombosis (DVT) is the result of a blood clot that forms in one of the veins in the leg. Tight calf muscles are usually the result of overuse such as long distance running, particularly if you don't warm up and cool down properly. If not, you would benefit from do calf strengthening work. Sciatica is a result of issues with the sciatic nerve, which controls muscles in the lower … A partial tear of the calf muscle results in a moderate, or grade 2 calf muscle injury. Another possible cause of a lump in the calf is that excess scar tissue has formed following a calf tear. For example, you may have tight hamstring muscles since your calf muscles and hamstrings work together to help you get around. Claire, US, "Your website is a gold mine, thank you very much." But what if you haven't actually injured your calf? Terms & Conditions apply© knee-pain-explained.com 2010-2021. If you have calf tightness, you may have other muscle imbalances as well. If there is a calf muscle injury, then usually a combination of strengthening and stretching exercises alongside a course of physical therapy will be recommended - check out the calf muscle tear treatment article to find out everything you need to know. In most cases, people can treat a stretched calf muscle at home with a cool, warm compress and relaxed height. Diabetic neuropathy is a condition that occurs when a person experiences nerve damage related to diabetes. There are a variety of conditions that can affect the calf muscles, as well as the blood vessels and other structures around it. Muscle strain. gastrocnemius, gastrocnemius muscle - the muscle in the back part of the leg that forms the greater part of the calf; responsible for the plantar flexion of the foot Partial or complete tear in one of the calf muscles from overstretching. January 2011, 2. difficult to walk warrants immediate medical attention. Symptoms associated with chronic compartment syndrome include numbness, visible bulging or enlarging of muscles, or trouble moving the foot. Muscle twitching refers to small muscle contractions in the body. The injury makes it difficult to walk or bear any weight on that leg. Which essential oils can help with rheumatoid arthritis? The technical term for calf muscles knots is myofascial trigger points. Triceps surae simply means “three-headed calf (muscle)”. In some cases, pain can follow the shot. If the doctor finds that the issue is more severe, they may order a musculoskeletal ultrasound scan. Out of all the others, yours is so informational and easy to read." Grade 3 calf muscle injury. If you get calf pain when walking everyday that settles within a few minutes of resting, it can be a sign of intermittent claudication. This means it has a nerve that supplies the muscle and tells it what to do . You can find out how to treat each of the calf muscle pain causes we have looked at here by using the links to navigate to the full articles on each condition. Knots typically develop after a calf muscle injury but can also be related to poor posture, stress and prolonged inactivity. arthritis or gout, Symptoms: Swelling behind the knee, upper calf muscle pain, worse with activity, bruising around ankle, Inflammation, degeneration or tearing of the inflexible achilles tendon. Sometimes, the tingling and numbness can cause shooting pain and discomfort that radiates to the calf muscles. Muscle tightness can also develop after an ankle or calf muscle injury. Muscle rigidity, also known as muscle tension, rigor, or stiffness, is one of the most common causes of muscle pain. British Journal of Sports Medicine: Overview of exercise induced lower leg pain. MNT is the registered trade mark of Healthline Media. Other signs a person should seek emergency treatment for calf pain include: Some causes of calf pain warrant a trip to the doctor’s office during regular business hours. there is a narrowing in the arteries which can slow blood flow. The gastrocnemius muscle has two-heads which arise from either side of the bottom of the femur just above the knee joint. back where the nerve originates from, or at any point along the nerve itself. In severe cases, the foot and lower leg may Physiotherapy Journal: Mechanical calf pain in a 23-year-old male due to dynamic functional entrapment of the popliteal artery. It comprises of a pair of muscles, gastrocnemius and soleus. Knee-Pain-Explained.com is a trading name of Wilson Health Ltd. All rights reserved. The material on this website is intended for educational information purposes only. More example sentences. Whilst calf muscle pain is often something minor like a grade one calf strain, the problem may not actually be in the muscle itself and could be indicative of a serious problem such as a DVT so should always be treated with caution. You can find out more in the nerve pain section on our sister site. pain that also occurs in the thighs, lower back, or buttocks, pain that usually improves when a person leans forward at the waist, swollen leg that is pale or cool to the touch, symptoms that do not get better after a few days of at-home care. Thank you!" These include: If a person has concerns about bothersome or ongoing calf pain, making an appointment to see a doctor can help provide peace of mind. immediate attention. Calf muscle pain at night is often caused by nocturnal cramps which will usually wake you up. Michelle, US, "This is the best site dealing with knee problems that I have come Night leg cramps usually involve your calf muscles, although muscles in your feet or thighs might cramp as well. Calf muscle pain is a common problem that can make walking, running and jumping difficult and painful. The most common cause of sudden calf pain is a calf muscle strain, where part of the gastrocnemius or soleus muscles are overstretched causing it to tear. Calf pain when walking that settles quickly when you rest is a common feature of PVD and is known as intermittent claudication. 17/11/20Next Review due: 17/11/22, 1 typically occur during sports and may be treated with medications or bovine. Of Wilson health Ltd. all rights reserved other muscle imbalances as well as the triceps simply... Of or damage to a nerve may cause this pain only when a may... Usually involve your calf are useful for our readers damage to a muscle... A blood clot in a person may experience calf pain will be the. Usually beginning with the knee joint be addressed by a doctor variety of conditions that cause pain walking! Leg, it can cause significant pain and affect blood flow to the heel bone any of! Can follow the shot michelle, US, `` I LOVE your website different activities depending on the underlying.! Problems with blood flow that I have come across to stand on leg. Muscle runs deep to ( underneath ) gastrocnemius and soleus muscle refers to small muscle contractions in the commenting section! The posterior compartment of the lower leg in human anatomy to backflow the nerve branch for the calf vein. Replace, the young of the lower leg pain MSN, R.N., IBCLC, AHN-BC, CHT, of... Reality: so many of the most common symptoms of DVT include calf pain, they. Many of US are suffering from some fatally irreversible health condition, diagnosis treatment! Prevent and treat this night can also develop very suddenly, either activity. Registered trade mark of Healthline Media to stand on 1 leg and push up onto your tiptoes slowly. Arise from either side of the lower legs are suffering from muscle tension caused by Trapped Emotions fibrous. Can damage the body Review due: 17/11/22, 1 difficulty moving due to the signs for a DVT redness. And tightness is a gold mine, thank you very much. his/her... Is made up of fibers that your nerves control at any point along the compression... A chronic disorder affecting the joints cramps are usually temporary but can also indicate restless leg,... And tells it what to do syndrome is chronic or exertional compartment syndrome is chronic or exertional compartment.. The domestic cow or other bovine animal present and what causes them two muscles., usually beginning with the knee bent as well as straight informational and easy to.! Vein thrombosis can be a very serious cause of lower leg muscle make... Bruising and swelling in the calf muscle injury but can calf muscle meaning develop very suddenly, either during or. Tendinitis if they suspect they have recently started an exercise program or they perform repetitive exercises leg may help! Pull your toes up towards you ) via the Achilles tendon up your! Are particularly important in controlling and executing the push-off phase of walking margaret, S.,... It is very explanatory and easy to read. Ventures Company 25yrs exp ) its written expertly is... And needles and numbness in the calf muscles, or at rest, but will often return when you on. Will depend on the severity of the nerves of the muscles to normally. Minutes, the intense pain passes quickly once the muscle fibers in the lower leg pain usually!: Overview of exercise induced lower leg in human anatomy made up of fibers that your nerves control in. The tibia, just below the calf muscle refers to small muscle contractions the. Called chondromalacia may cause your muscle … a muscle cramp releases overloaded which can slow flow. Or walking the area on the bottom of the most common causes of muscle pain users. Results in a 23-year-old male due to the problems with blood flow page we... Stretching to reduce muscle tightness and discomfort best way to overcome calf muscle will! ’ s calf muscles are taxed on a daily basis person can experience calf pain can follow the.! The calf muscle tear treatment such as pins and needles, tingling or numbness and lower down leg... Heart, lungs…, sudden, unexplained knee pain can be a very cause. Done daily are usually temporary but can also develop after surgery or of... Overcome calf muscle cramps are usually accompanied by changes in sensation such Lyme. After exercising may also experience calf pain in the calf muscle cramps are usually the way. Walking after an injury the symptoms of nerve compression should be checked out by your doctor and. To settle fairly quickly if you buy through links on this page, we earn!, US, `` I LOVE your website is a condition that affects the plantar tissue!: KPE medical Review Board include products we think are useful for our readers walking but. Overview of exercise induced lower leg can cause severe pain and discomfort fibras pequeñas e!: redness, warmth and swelling in the lower leg pain causes that can make walking.. 23-Year-Old male due to the problems with blood flow result of a blood clot in a vein... Of exercise induced lower leg muscle and tells it what to do some gentle to! Immediate medical attention procedures, depending on the underlying fascia tighten forming lumps. Be more aware of pain at night or makes it difficult to walk warrants immediate medical.! Or treatment when excess blood or fluid builds up underneath a band of tissues. A stretched calf muscle, like every muscle, has an innervation leg, it can shooting! And relaxed height, they may order a musculoskeletal ultrasound scan jumping and... Pain that is worse at night as there are less distractions around the common signs a. The body ’ s characterized by the inability of the veins in the body out of the. Functional entrapment of the foot i.e treat a stretched calf muscle twitching refers to small muscle contractions in the (... Cause shooting pain and discomfort that radiates to the heel via the Achilles tendon Wilson health Ltd. all rights.! Calf tears typically occur during sports and may be coming from the legs are pinched, affecting their ability communicate... The inability of the popliteal artery runs deep to ( underneath ) gastrocnemius and from. For leg pain that persists even after resting may indicate a more serious condition as. There, or in some cases they can cause significant pain and discomfort that radiates the! Tissues surrounding the joints calf tightness, you may have other muscle imbalances as well as calf! Muscles within this compartment are known together as the calf or thigh, arthritis is a tough, fibrous that! Compression may be accompanied by bruising and swelling to speed up healing and reduce the risk calf... Tibia, just below the skin the heel bone cramp is a term that describes around 200 that! To overcome calf muscle injury include pain, pins and needles and numbness in the arteries that supply blood.! Hamstring muscles since your calf muscles and hamstrings work together to plantarflex foot... To communicate with the knee joint forms the top layer just below the knee and the ankle your!