One day they willlive with God in heaven and share God’s *glory. . Sin destroyed the original spiritual relation between creature and Creator, leaving that only of government. speak--namely, as a prophet, or divinely taught teacher in the Church assembly. All must pass under the judgment of God; God's own household first, their chastisement being here, for which they should glorify Him as a proof of their membership in His family, and a pledge of their escape from the end of those whom the last judgment shall find disobedient to the Gospel. when, &c.--"walking as ye have done [ALFORD] in lasciviousness"; the Greek means petulant, immodest, wantonness, unbridled conduct: not so much filthy lust. However, there is no "of you" in the Greek, but simply "blaspheming." . run not with them--eagerly, in troops [BENGEL]. The Christian is by faith one with Christ: as then Christ by death is judicially freed from sin; so the Christian who has in the person of Christ died, has no more to do with it judicially, and ought to have no more to do with it actually. But being quickened to Divine life by the Holy Spirit, they lived to God as his devoted servants. One oldest manuscript and Vulgate read, "in well-doings"; contrast ill-doings, 1 Peter 4:15 . faithful--to His covenant promises. "He that giveth, let him do it with simplicity," that is open-hearted sincerity; with cordiality. 15. What does 1 Peter chapter 4 mean? he that hath suffered--for instance, Christ first, and in His person the believer: a general proposition. Note, the very same term as is applied in the only other passages where it occurs ( Acts 7:38 , Romans 3:2 , Hebrews 5:12 ), to the Old Testament inspired writings, is here predicated of the inspired words (the substance of which was afterwards committed to writing) of the New Testament prophets. The nearness meant is not that of mere "time," but that before the Lord; as he explains to guard against misapprehension, and defends God from the charge of procrastination: We live in the last dispensation, not like the Jews under the Old Testament. The author of 1 Peter understands the gospel and its consequences quite differently. charity shall cover the multitude, &c.--The oldest manuscripts have "covereth." The opposite duties to the sins in 1 Peter 4:3 are here inculcated. reproached--Reproach affects noble minds more than loss of goods, or even bodily sufferings. Moreover, the absence of the Greek article does not necessarily restrict the sense of "dead" to particular dead persons, for there is no Greek article in 1 Peter 4:5 also, where "the dead" is universal in meaning. in the flesh--in His mortal body of humiliation. 2 As a result, they do not live the rest of their earthly lives for evil human desires, but rather for the will of God. Temperance promotes wakefulness or watchfulness, and both promote prayer. Not as ALFORD, "Arm yourselves . In the context, Peter is talking about the suffering of Christ on our behalf (1 Pet 4:1-2) and about our salvation when we were baptized into Christ (1 Pet 3:20-22). 16. a Christian--the name given in contempt first at Antioch. For Peter is plainly referring only to those within reach of the Gospel, or who might have known God through His ministers in Old and New Testament times. 2 As a result, they do not live the rest of their earthly lives for evil human desires, but rather for the will of God. © 2021 Christianity.com. Christ's coming is to the believer always near. 19. There are so many things amiss in all, that unless love covers, excuses, and forgives in others, the mistakes and faults for which every one needs the forbearance of others, Satan will prevail to stir up divisions and discords. And even the best of men need to be warned against the worst of sins. riot--profligacy. Thus "sober" is the opposite of "lasciviousness" ( 1 Peter 4:3 ). LIKE THE RISEN CHRIST, BELIEVERS HENCEFORTH OUGHT TO HAVE NO MORE TO DO WITH SIN. 1 Peter 4:7-11 teaches the third way we are to live godly lives: Accomplish the Will of God like Christ, page 5 of 6 around the theme 1 Peter 4:1-11 Living … which is to try you--Greek, "which is taking place for a trial to you." The idle and witty people of Antioch, we know from heathen writers, were famous for inventing nicknames. 1 Peter 4:2 "That he no longer should live the rest of [his] time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to … He will overrule all to the final advantage of the believer. at us, what shall the end be of them, &c.--If even the godly have chastening judgments now, how much more shall the ungodly be doomed to damnatory judgments at last. Peter used this same expression in 1 Pet. "When power is given to the destroyer, he observes no distinction between the righteous and the wicked; not only so, but he begins first at the righteous" [WETSTEIN from Rabbins]. 1 Peter 4:18 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Peter 4:18, NIV: "And, 'If it is hard for the righteous to be saved, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner?'" 1 Peter 4:9 hospitality, 1 Peter 4:10,11 and a right use of spiritual gifts. as of--"out of" the store of his "strength" (Greek, physical power in relation to outward service, rather than moral and intellectual "ability"; so in Mark 12:30 ). Therefore, since Christ suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same mind, for he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, that he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh for the lusts of men, but for the will of God.a. Gentiles--heathen: which many of you were. We have been rescued from meaningless lives and set apart from … When a man is truly converted, it is very grievous to him to think how the time past of his life has been spent. "Reproached in the name of Christ" I say ( 1 Peter 4:14 ), "FOR let none," &c. as . Living for God. Wherein--In respect to which abandonment of your former walk ( 1 Peter 4:3 ). that God in all things may be glorified--the final end of all a Christian's acts. gospel preached also to . This does not mean that the purpose and performance of God are uncertain, but only the great difficulties and hard encounters in the way; that they go through so many temptations and tribulations, so many fightings without and fears within. Biblical Commentary (Bible Study) 1 Peter 4:12-16 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: Recipients of this letter are experiencing trials, harsh treatment, and suffering (1:6-7; 2:18-20; 3:13-17; 4:1-4, 12-19; 5:10). excess of wine--"wine-bibbings" [ALFORD]. . The consideration of Christ's sufferings is urged for purity and holiness. Bkmrk. without grudging--Greek, "murmuring." Prior chapters made the case that we are a "holy people." It seems to me always to be used, either directly or indirectly, in the sense of impious reviling against God, Christ, or the Holy Spirit, and the Christian religion, not merely against men as such; Greek, 1 Peter 4:14 , below. The sense seems to be, Peter, as representing the true attitude of the Church in every age, expecting Christ at any moment, says, The Judge is ready to judge the quick and dead--the dead, I say, for they, too, in their lifetime, have had the Gospel preached to them, that so they might be judged at last in the same way as those living now (and those who shall be so when Christ shall come), namely, "men in the flesh," and that they might, having escaped condemnation by embracing the Gospel so preached, live unto God in the spirit (though death has passed over their flesh), Luke 20:38 , thus being made like Christ in death and in life quickened; for they are supposed to have been already "quickened together with Christ" ( Ephesians 2:5 ). Our approaching end, is a powerful argument to make us sober in all worldly matters, and earnest in religion. . And when we do so, we determine by God’s grace to live righteously, knowing that in so doing we will bring opposition and persecution. Literally, "a bishop in what is (not his own, but) another's" province; an allusion to the existing bishops or overseers of the Church; a self-constituted bishop in others' concerns. Peter begins his letter by calling Christians “aliens,” or residential foreigners to the Roman Empire (1 Pe 1:1, 17). 1:7; and, in both places, it is better to understand it as a reference to the Second Advent, the general resurrection and judgment of the last day, and the visible revelation of Christ before all people as the Redeemer and Judge. Resuming the idea in 1 Peter 4:5 . Suffering is a path we must choose. and of God--Greek, "and the (Spirit) of God"; implying that the Spirit of glory (which is Christ's Spirit) is at the same time also the Spirit of God. (1 Peter 4 Commentary) Wayne Grudem. Detail of Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528), 'St Peter and St John Healing the Cripple' (1513), engraving, 118 x 74 mm, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York. There is a motive for this: they should be willing, like Christ, to suffer for doing right for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin. It is no valid objection that the Gospel has not been preached to all that shall be found dead at Christ's coming. That the Apostle Peter is the author of 1 Peter however, is certain. Chapter 4. Salem Media Group. If we will not bear suffering for Christ now, we must bear eternal sufferings hereafter. Seeing that the godly know that their sufferings are by God's will, to chasten them that they may not perish with the world, they have good reason to trust God cheerfully amidst sufferings, persevering in well-doing. with a view no longer to live the rest of your time.". Temptations could not prevail, were it not for man's own corruption; but true Christians make the will of God, not their own lust or desires, the rule of their lives and actions. Hi Mr. Wellman, First Peter 4:1-2 “Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin, so as to live for the rest of the time in the flesh no longer for human passions but for the will of God.” 1 Therefore, since Christ has suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves also with the same purpose, because he who has suffered in the flesh has ceased from sin (1 Peter 4:1). minister--in acts; the other sphere of spiritual activity besides speaking. Free E-mail Bible Study Discipleship Training in Luke's Gospel. the same mind--of suffering with patient willingness what God wills you to suffer. His divinely inspired words are not his own, but God's, and as a steward ( 1 Peter 4:10 ) having them committed to him, he ought so to speak them. One would think such cautions as these were needless to Christians. Don’t … Continue reading "Commentary on 1 Peter 4:12-19" The Spirit's gifts (literally, "gift of grace," that is, gratuitously bestowed) are the common property of the Christian community, each Christian being but a steward for the edifying of the whole, not receiving the gift merely for his own use. As the end is near, cultivate self-restraint, watchful prayerfulness, charity, hospitality, scriptural speech, ministering to one another according to your several gifts to the glory of God: Rejoicing patience under suffering. 3. may suffice--Greek, "is sufficient." 1. 1 Peter 4:17(NASB) Verse Thoughts. Jesus then gave Peter the name of Cephas – John 1:40-42. . Another ground of consolation to Christians. Let not believers care, though the world scorns and reproaches them. 5. 2. appear--in judgment. Peter wants to encourage Christians who are suffering for Christ.Although Christians might suffer in this life, they will not suffer for ever.This world is not their real home. 8. above all things--not that "charity" or love is placed above "prayer," but because love is the animating spirit, without which all other duties are dead. There is no comfort in sufferings, when we bring them upon ourselves by our own sin and folly. ready--very speedily ( 1 Peter 4:7 , 2 Peter 3:10 ). So the word μολις, rendered scarcely, signifies. It alters the mind, judgment, affections, and conversation. Our committing of ourselves to God is to be, not in indolent and passive quietism, but accompanied with active well-doings. (1 Peter 4:9) One expression of Christian love, brotherly love, one specifically presented in this passage by the apostle Peter, is the practice of hospitality. Commentary on 1 Peter 4:7-11 (Read 1 Peter 4:7-11) The destruction of the Jewish church and nation, foretold by our Saviour, was very near. "Dead" must be taken in the same literal sense as in 1 Peter 4:5 , which refutes the explanation "dead" in sins. ( Romans 12:13 , Hebrews 13:2 .) . upon you--the same Spirit as rested on Christ ( Luke 4:18 ). We should suffer patiently, after the example of Christ, 1 Peter 4:1.And no longer live according to our former custom, but disregard the scoffs of those who are incensed against us because we have forsaken their evil ways, who are shortly to give account to God for their conduct, 1 Peter 4:2-5.How the Gospel was preached to Jews and Gentiles, 1 Peter 4:6. fiery trial--like the fire by which metals are tested and their dross removed. It is a Christian's duty, not only to keep from gross wickedness, but also from things that lead to sin, or appear evil. These are the worst clogs and troubles. The strongest and best arguments against sin, are taken from the sufferings of Christ. 7. Not secretly speaking against the person whom we entertain, or upbraiding him with the favor we have conferred in him. Peter takes the lowest ground: for not even the past time ought to have been wasted in lust; but since you cannot recall it, at least lay out the future to better account. gospel of God--the very God who is to judge them. Let your suffering be on account of Christ, not on account of evil-doing ( 1 Peter 2:20 ). . 4. Peter using his spiritual gifts. General conclusion from 1 Peter 4:17 1 Peter 4:18 . 1 Peter 4:18 is a quotation from Pr 11:31 LXX: In the Hebrew the saying applies to recompense in this life, but the author uses it of recompense in the last judgment The reference of the section in which 1 Peter 4:18 stands is to the sufferings of Christians, which are regarded as the fiery glow and beginning of judgment. 1. for us--supported by some oldest manuscripts and versions, omitted by others. . sober--"self-restrained." The second Greek, "as," distinguishes the class "busybody in other men's matters," from the previous class of delinquents. The "scarcely" marks the severity of the ordeal, and the unlikelihood (in a mere human point of view) of the righteous sustaining it; but the righteousness of Christ and God's everlasting covenant make it all sure. 10. every--"even as each man hath received," in whatever degree, and of whatever kind. It is not, as Rome teaches, "covereth" his own sins; for then the Greek middle voice would be used; and Proverbs 10:12 , 17:9 support the Protestant view. Peter encourages them with a vision of "an incorruptible and undefiled inheritance that doesn't fade away, reserved in Heaven He is a miserable, unsettled wretch, who cleaves to himself, and forgets God; is only perplexed about his credit, and gain, and base ends, which are often broken, and which, when he attains, both he and they must shortly perish together. the time--Greek, "season," "fit time." let them--Greek, "let them also," "let even them," as well as those not suffering. To suffer for one's own faults is no honor ( 1 Peter 4:15 , 1 Peter 2:20 ),--for Christ, is no shame ( 1 Peter 4:14 , 1 Peter 3:13 ). And if such things befall in this life, how awful will the day of judgment be! Creator--who is therefore also our Almighty Preserver. 12. strange--they might think it strange that God should allow His chosen children to be sore tried. . Not only under ordinary circumstances, but also in time of suffering, let believers commit. He, not we, must keep our souls. Instead of its "happening to you" as some strange and untoward chance, it "is taking place" with the gracious design of trying you; God has a wise design in it--a consolatory reflection. Living for God. Judgment is already begun, the Gospel word, as a "two-edged sword," having the double effect of saving some and condemning others, and shall be consummated at the last judgment. as--the "as" twice in italics is not in the Greek. For "judged" cannot have a different meaning in this verse from what "judge" bears in 1 Peter 4:5 . Through Christ alone can God be glorified in us and our sayings and doings. giveth--Greek, "supplieth"; originally said of a choragus, who supplied the chorus with all necessaries for performing their several parts. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. if . on their part he is evil spoken of, but on your part he is glorified--omitted in the two oldest Greek manuscripts and Syriac and Coptic versions, but supported by one very old manuscript, Vulgate, Sahidic, CYPRIAN, &c. "Evil spoken of," literally, "blasphemed"; not merely do they "speak against you," as in 1 Peter 3:16 , but blasphemously mock Christ and Christianity itself. As the time for Christ's return for His church draws ever closer we are warned to be clear-minded and self-controlled. The material in this letters bears definite resemblance to his messages in the book of Acts. Blessed be the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ, who according to His abundant mercy has begotten us again to a living hope through the resurrection of Jesus Christ from the dead, to an inheritance incorruptible and undefiled and that does not fade away, reserved in heaven for you, who are kept by the power of God through faith for salvation ready to be revealed in the last time.a. Read Introduction to 1 Peter “But the end of all things is at hand; therefore be serious and watchful in your prayers.” Now Peter turns to a new subject – the effectiveness of the believer’s life in the middle of suffering (vv. as . At Antioch, where first idolatrous Gentiles (Cornelius, Acts 10:1 Acts 10:2 , was not an idolater, but a proselyte) were converted, and wide missionary work began, they could be no longer looked on as a Jewish sect, and so the Gentiles designated them by the new name "Christians." prayer--Greek, "prayers"; the end for which we should exercise vigilance. "Live" in the truest sense, for heretofore he was dead. The Greek adds, "in your case." 1 Peter 4:1-19 . through Jesus Christ--the mediator through whom all our blessings come down to us, and also through whom all our praises ascend to God. 1 Peter 4 (King James Version) 1 Forasmuch then as Christ hath suffered for us in the flesh, arm yourselves likewise with the same mind: for he that hath suffered in the flesh hath ceased from sin; 2 That he no longer should live the rest of his time in the flesh to the lusts of men, but to the will of God. And true conversion makes a marvellous change in the heart and life. 7-11). sinner--loving sin; positive; the same man is at once God-forgetting and sin-loving. We are exhorted to be sober in deed and watchful in prayer. Hospitality has the effect of building up Christian fellowship, combating the view that we are each independent and isolated individuals in our relationship with God (note 1 John 1:3). Acts 11:26 , 26:28 ; the only three places where the term occurs. stewards--referring to Matthew 25:15 , &c.; Luke 19:13-26 . the end of all things--and therefore also of the wantonness ( 1 Peter 4:3 1 Peter 4:4 ) of the wicked, and of the sufferings of the righteous [BENGEL]. . The Bible gives some serious warnings about living in the last days. speaking evil--charging you with pride, singularity, hypocrisy, and secret crimes ( 1 Peter 4:14 , 2 Peter 2:2 ). "Covereth" so as not harshly to condemn or expose faults; but forbearingly to bear the other's burdens, forgiving and forgetting past offenses. 1 Peter 4:12-19 Sundry motives of comfort under persecution. 1 Peter 4:18, ESV: "And “If the righteous is scarcely saved, what will become of the ungodly and the sinner?”" 1 Peter 4:18, KJV: "And if the righteous scarcely be saved, where shall the ungodly and the sinner appear?" The work of a Christian is twofold—doing the will of God and suffering his pleasure. Yet all outward difficulties would be as nothing, were it not for lusts and corruptions within. 14. for--Greek, "IN the name of Christ," namely, as Christians ( 1 Peter 4:16 , 3:14 , above); "in My name, because ye belong to Christ." And the speedy approach of death and judgment concerns all, to which these words naturally lead our minds. * Jesus healed Peter’s mother-in-law of a fever – Matthew 8:14,15. . And if the righteous scarcely be saved — Escape with the utmost difficulty. one to another--Greek as in 1 Peter 4:8 , "towards yourselves"; implying that all form but one body, and in seeking the good of other members they are promoting the good of themselves. Below is a paraphrase of 1 Peter 4:1-6 as if Peter was preparing the disciples to suffer for their faith. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. to whom--Christ. That he, &c.-- "That he (the believer, who has once for all obtained cessation from sin by suffering, in … . hath ceased--literally, "has been made to cease," has obtained by the very fact of His having suffered once for all, a cessation from sin, which had heretofore lain on Him ( Romans 6:6-11 , especially, 1 Peter 4:7 ). (1-6) And the approaching end of the Jewish state, as a reason for sobriety, watchfulness, and prayer. The date of this Epistle must have been when this had become the generally recognized designation among Gentiles (it is never applied by Christians to each other, as it was in after ages--an undesigned proof that the New Testament was composed when it professes), and when the name exposed one to reproach and suffering, though not seemingly as yet to systematic persecution. It cannot prevent the happiness of the righteous, if they are reproached for Christ, because they retain before God their glory entire, as having the Spirit, with whom glory is inseparably joined [CALVIN]. of At first believers had no distinctive name, but were called among themselves "brethren," Acts 6:3 ; "disciples," Acts 6:1 ; "those of the way," Acts 9:2 ; "saints," Romans 1:7 ; by the Jews (who denied that Jesus was the CHRIST, and so would never originate the name Christian), in contempt, "Nazarenes." 1 Peter 4:10(NASB) Verse Thoughts. as . . One sin draws on another. He died to destroy sin; and though he cheerfully submitted to the worst sufferings, yet he never gave way to the least sin. In verse 4 (printed below) Peter describes the Christian as coming to “the living stone.” How would you explain the meaning of this statement? All rights reserved. Quoted from Proverbs 10:12 ; compare Proverbs 17:9 . "The flesh" is the sphere in which sin has place. The rise of the new name marked a new epoch in the Church's life, a new stage of its development, namely, its missions to the Gentiles. As a general statement, without qualification, this would not be true, for there are many people who have suffered physically and yet still sin very much. This may be due to Greek: "God," having no article, it being a principle when a governed noun omits the Greek article that the governing noun should omit it, too. "As God with His love covers my sins if I believe, so must I also cover the sins of my neighbor" [LUTHER]. Compare the conduct of Shem and Japheth to Noah ( Genesis 9:23 ), in contrast to Ham's exposure of his father's shame. Received, '' `` let them -- eagerly, in troops [ BENGEL ] right use of spiritual.... 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated a murderer, thief, '' & c. -- very. Antioch, we should aim at the glory of God. `` Lord of glory '' is the duties... End, is a paraphrase of 1 Peter 4:17 ), is a powerful argument make! 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With simplicity, '' that is open-hearted sincerity ; with cordiality '' & c. -- the final end of Jewish! Person whom we entertain, or upbraiding him with the utmost difficulty patient willingness what wills. At Christ 's coming on Christ ( Luke 4:18 ) idle and witty people of Antioch we! * glory email with steps on how to reset your password more fervent contempt at... Minister the same mind -- of suffering with patient willingness what God wills you to suffer for their faith on! -- as well as to them that shall be found dead at Christ 's coming flesh -- respect! With sin dead. life, we must bear eternal sufferings hereafter church and nation, by... Wine-Bibbings '' [ ALFORD ] that we are a `` holy people. uprightly in the assembly. Minister -- in acts ; the other sphere of spiritual activity besides speaking, omitted by.! To which abandonment of your former walk ( 1 Peter understands the gospel has not been to. Scorns and reproaches them be saved — Escape with the favor we have conferred him! Lead our minds quietism, but simply `` blaspheming. that the gospel not... Day they willlive with God in heaven and share God ’ s mother-in-law of a Christian is twofold—doing the of! Make it more fervent -- very speedily ( 1 Peter understands the has. Wants His readers to understand the * grac… purpose from what `` ''! About living in the church assembly the will of God and suffering His pleasure with worldly cares pleasures... Of wine -- '' even as each man hath received, '' in whatever degree and! Sphere of spiritual gifts the person whom we entertain, or divinely taught teacher in the church of believers., or divinely taught teacher in the Greek adds, `` unto the ages ``..., leaving that only of government now living, and earnest in religion to judge them dependence one another... Dead at Christ 's coming is to judge them the gift of another of whatever kind found dead Christ... 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Even bodily sufferings -- Having no regard for God ; negative description intense ''! Found dead at Christ 's sufferings is urged for purity and holiness jesus was pattern...